25 amazing facts about China

  1. China's huge workforce and abundant natural resources have driven massive economic change.
  2. About a third of the population lives in cities, while the remainder live in the countryside.
  3. At 6,300 kilometres long, the Yangtze is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world.
  4. China experiences typhoons each year and also suffers from floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and droughts.
  5. China has recently abandoned its one child policy.
  6. China has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget. They've currently got the Pentagon and Japan very worried about their activities in the South China Sea.
  7. China is about the same size as the continental USA.
  8. China is home to a cluster of ancient rock pillars called the Stone Forest.
  9. China is the 3rd largest country by area at 9,706,961 sq km (3,747,879 sq miles).
  10. China is the second largest economy in the world, after the United States of America. It overtook Japan's back in 2010.
  11. China was humiliated for many years by the Western powers, especially Britain. Now China controls much of the British economy and is geared up to build its next generation of nuclear power stations.
  12. Chinese brides often wear red, a colour considered to be lucky.
  13. For centuries, China was more advanced than most other countries in science, technology, astronomy and maths. The Chinese invented paper, printing, the magnetic compass, tea porcelain, silk and gunpowder, among others.
  14. Half of all pigs on earth live in China.
  15. Hong Kong has more skyscrapers than any other city in the world. Think Blade Runner without the gloom - and androids.
  16. In 2003, China became the third country to successfully send a person to space.
  17. In the last 20 years, China has changed faster than any other country in the world.
  18. More people speak Mandarin, a Chinese Dialect, as their first language than any other language in the world.

  19. Nearly 4,000 species of fish and hundreds of amphibians and reptile species live in the rivers, lakes and coastal waters.
  20. One-third of China's land area is made up of mountains. The Zhangjiajie National Forest Park even inspired the floating peaks in the movie Avatar.
  21. The capital city is Beijing, while the most populated city is Shanghai.
  22. The Chinese love of shark fin soup is decimating global shark populations.
  23. The giant panda lives in the misty mountains of central China and nowhere else on Earth.
  24. Traditional Chinese medicine is wiping out the last remaining tigers, rhinos and elephants on Earth.
  25. With a population of over 1.3 billion, China has more people than any other.


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